The most common element in diamond is carbon. Diamond is a solid form of the element carbon whose atoms are arranged in a crystal structure; which is called a diamond cubic. At room temperature and pressure, another solid form of carbon known as graphite forms. It is a chemically stable form of carbon, but diamond converts into it very slowly.
The Roman diamond is called the tear of God. It was discovered 4000 years ago in the Golconda region, which is known as modern Hyderabad; I was on the bank of the river in the shiny sand.
90 percent of diamond cutting and polishing work is done in Surat, due to which 5 lakh people have got employment. Diamond is formed in an extremely hot environment about 160 km below the ground. The carbon molecules are linked together.
What is a diamond made of?
As we all know that diamond is a transparent gemstone. It is chemically the purest form of carbon. If it is heated in the oven at 750 degrees, then we will see the diamond in the form of carbon dioxide and there will be no ash left at all.
Why is a diamond so strong?
Carbons are held together by strong covalent bonds. That is why they are the hardest material.
How to know if a diamond is real or fake?
It is very difficult to identify which diamond is real and which one is fake. But the first way to identify it is that if the diamond is immersed in water, then the diamond is real and if it does not sink then the diamond is fake.
Another way is to read it by placing a diamond on the newspaper and if the words appear diagonally then that diamond is fake.
How is a diamond made?
Grinding roasted groundnut, when we keep it inside the ground for 800 or 900 meters, it becomes a diamond. It is cultivated in Florida. In this, its fragments are used as seeds and mixed with carbon and put in the Great Chamber, then put in the reactor whose temperature or pressure is exactly like that of the Earth’s womb.
Under pressure of 3000 Celsius and 50,000 atmosphere, granite diamond begins to form. It takes about 80 hours to form. Raw diamond is separated by adding acid solution. So friends, this was the diamond, its production and all the information related to its manufacturing process.